The theory of constraints toc is a management paradigm that views any manageable system as being limited in achieving more of its goals by a very small number of constraints there is always at least one constraint and toc uses a focusing process to identify the constraint and restructure the rest of the organization around it toc adopts . The theory of constraints provides a specific methodology for identifying and eliminating constraints referred to as the five focusing steps as shown in the following diagram it is a cyclical process the theory of constraints uses a process known as the five focusing steps to identify and eliminate constraints ie bottlenecks. The theory of constraints toc is a suite of management concepts developed by dr eliyahu goldratt as introduced in the landmark book the goal it helps managers decide what to change what to change it to how to cause the change watch this 4 minute video to see dr goldratt explains what is toc in brief. The following article reviews the theory of constraints toc first published in the goal by eliyahu m goldratt and jeff cox in 1984 and compares it with lean thinking as described by james p womack and daniel t jones in lean thinking in 1996 the theory of constraints is an organizational . The theory of constraints toc is an overall philosophy developed by dr eliyahu m goldratt usually applied to running and improving an organizationtoc consists of problem solving and management decision making tools called the thinking processes tp
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